All cities have constructions that impact and that represent the place. Each one with different architectural styles that collaborate with the beauty of the environment.

Knowing the characteristics of the various architectural styles and differentiating them allows a better appreciation of the buildings that impress so much.

In this article you will learn what are the main architectural styles and their most important characteristics. Join us!

10 architectural styles that you can recognize from now on

1. Classical Greek style

The classical Greek style emerged in 600 BC. C. and this one stayed until approximately the year 146 a. C.

The Greeks mostly used limestone and marble for their constructions and their designs were characterized by the use of columns and capitals. The columns functioned as the pillars and the capitals were the ends of those columns.

In the classical Greek style, 3 architectural orders predominated:

  • Doric
  • Ionian
  • Corinthian

The Doric was the simplest, the Ionic had more details, both on the base and on the capital, and the Corinthian was the most elaborate, with ornaments that were true sculptures.

We can cite as examples of the classical Greek style the Temple of Zeus and the Parthenon.

2. Classical Roman style

The classical Roman style dominated between 509 BC. C. and the IV century d. In its constructions the arches prevailed that in addition to giving strength to the buildings, had an aesthetic purpose.

Within the Roman style we can find the Tuscan (simpler) and the composite (which gave floral touches to the capitals).

As an example of these constructions we have the famous Roman Colosseum.

3. Romanesque

The Romanesque style emerged during the Middle Ages, and its constructions predominated between the year 1000 and 1140.

This style is characterized by its simplicity. The constructions have large walls and semicircular arches and also make use of the pillars. A typical characteristic of this style are the groin vaults, which are the spaces used to cover quadrangular places between four arches.

At present there are several examples with this style, such as the Tower of Pisa, the Abbey of Vézelay and basilicas such as that of San Ambrosio in Milan and that of Santa María del Capitolio, in Cologne, Germany.

4. Gothic

The Gothic style flourished at the end of the Middle Ages in France, roughly between the years 1140 and 1520.

Much of the Gothic buildings belong to the Catholic Church. They are characterized by the pointed arch with its typical tip, which allowed better distribution of the weight of the ceilings and the vaults with diagonal ribs.

In the Gothic constructions the aim was to convey the feeling of spaciousness and height. Likewise, many of these constructions were complemented with beautiful stained glass windows.

As representatives of this style we have the cathedrals of Notre-Dame and Reims (in France) and Burgos (in Spain).

5. Renaissance

The Renaissance brought a great impact in all sectors of art and was strongly reflected in architecture. It began in Italy, but was quickly projected throughout Europe, where it had its heyday between the years 1425 and 1600.

Symmetry was the main characteristic of the Renaissance style, as were the classical domes and semicircular arches, which came to replace the pointed arches that stood out in the Gothic style.

Some representative constructions of the Renaissance style are the Basilica of San Lorenzo in Florence, the Palace of Fontainebleau in France and El Escorial in Spain.

6. Baroque

The baroque style originated in approximately 1600 and remained high until 1800.

The characteristics that stand out in this style are ostentation and waste. Lighting also played an important role in this style, as shadows helped compose the design.

We can cite as beautiful examples of the baroque style the Palace of Versailles (France) and the Cathedral of Zacatecas, in our country.

7. Rococo

Rococo began in France and became evident between 1720 and 1789. It emerged with the aim of contrasting the Baroque style. It eliminated ostentation and gave way to curves, asymmetrical shapes, soft colors and the most elegant and complex designs.

As examples of the Rococo style we can mention the Catherine Palace, summer residence of the Russian tsars, and the National Palace of Queluz, in Portugal.

8. Neoclassical

The neoclassical style emerged in approximately 1715 and its heyday culminated in approximately 1820.

The neoclassical stands out for its simplicity, where the wide and elegant lines stand out, as well as the perfect proportions. Symmetry was another of its main characteristics, as well as the breadth of its buildings.

We can cite as examples of this architectural style the Prado Museum in Madrid, the Arc de Triomphe in Paris and the White House in Washington.

9. Modernist

The modernist style is present between the years 1885 and 1910. In this period romanticism was restored and there was a mass production of beautiful and simple buildings.

Wrought iron and crystals predominated in their constructions, revaluing the artisan work. Symmetry gives rise to the irregularity and the wavy and inspiration is sought in the forms of nature.

A representative of this style is the Spanish Antonio Gaudí, who with his irreverence surprised the world through his buildings. We can cite as representative works of this style, the Park Güell, the Casa Batló and the Casa Milá.

10. Art deco (art deco)

This style originated in France in the early 1920s of the 20th century. Its straight lines, geometric patterns and cheerful colors define this architectural style.

Art Deco is very present in the Colonia Condesa neighborhood in Mexico City, where it mixes with the fiery colors and geometric patterns that also characterize Aztec culture. Around Parque México we can find beautiful examples of art deco.

The architecture as art and design technique, designing and constructing buildings, has been changing throughout history and has left us such important legacies for all mankind.

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